الإصدار الثاني عشر
الإصدار الثاني عشر من المجلة العلمية لنشر البحوث
تم نشر الإصدار الثاني عشر من المجلة العمية لنشر البحوث في: 1-1-2023م. يحتوي الإصدار على بعض الأبحاث في مختلف التخصصات، كما أن الإصدار قد تناول العديد من المشاكل البحثية المهمه التي تشكل أهمية وفائدة كبيرة للمجتمع العلمي والمعرفي. جميع الأبحاث متاحة للتحميل والتعقيب والاستشهاد المرجعي لكافة الباحثين والأكاديميين.
الأبحاث والأوراق العلمية:
Authentic leadership and its relationship to organizational culture in the seventh secondary school in the city of Al-Khobar
Name: Salwa Abdo Mohammed
The study aimed to find out the existence of a statistically significant correlation between the degree of authentic leadership practice and organizational culture among school leaders in the seventh secondary school in the city of Al-Khobar from the point of view of the teachers and administrators. The seventh secondary school in the city of Al-Khobar, numbering (50) teachers and administrators. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program was used to analyze the data.The study concluded that the degree of authentic leadership practice by school leaders at the Seventh Secondary School in the city of Khobar came with a very high degree of practice for the dimensions as a whole, and that the prevailing organizational culture among the school leaders came to a high degree. Statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) between the responses of the study sample about the degree of authentic leadership practice by school leaders at the Seventh Secondary School in the city of Khobar and the level of organizational culture according to the two variables (type of job – and years of experience. In light of the results, a number of recommendations were made, the most important of which is that the Ministry of Education should pay attention to the authentic leadership style of school leaders by setting conditions and standards that achieve the dimensions of authentic leadership, to raise the level of organizational culture in schools and thus achieve the desired goals for schools in general.
Keywords: self-awareness, balanced treatment, internal ethical perspective, transparency of relationships, organizational culture.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia faced great challenges in saudization jobs and replacing Saudi workers. Since the first five-year development plan in 1390 AH – 1970 AD until today. The problem continued to exacerbate, until it was necessary for the state to intervene by taking initiatives and programs that depend on incentives and penalties to push the private sector to increase the volume of employment of Saudis. The study focuses as an introduction on previous treatments of the issue of settlement in development plans, and knowledge of the challenges and obstacles it faced, and limited its success in finding solutions to the problem. The study also focuses on the success of the Nitaqat program and the new initiatives in obliging the private sector to find opportunities for Saudi job seekers. For this purpose, the hypothetical (intentional) sample was used, and a specific sample of (200) academics who were familiar with the scientific and applied aspects were selected. The research results of the first question indicated that the classifications that led to the stumbling of the previous government treatments are due to the Kingdom’s modernity in the workforce planning process, the lack of economic and statistical measures, the weakness of statistical centers, the unexpected population growth, and social customs and traditions. The research results related to the Nitaqat program also indicated. The package of incentives and penalties has achieved positive results in the field of employment of Saudi youth, and a relative decrease in the unemployment rate, which is what the strategic plan for employment seeks in the short term, which is to maintain the unemployment rate at its level. The study also showed that the establishments had an improvement in benefiting from the incentives, as the establishments located in the platinum and green range reached (87%), in the yellow range (7%) and in the red range (6%), but the challenges still remain, and the researcher believes The number of graduates and job seekers is constantly increasing due to the large number of graduates, which requires continued motivation and not dwelling on current successes. It also believes that it is necessary to prepare a new strategic plan to activate long-term employment and to confront the problem of fictitious employment.
Keywords: Strategy, recruitment strategy, job localization, Nitaqat program, unemployment, labour force.
The effect of adding some medicinal plant extracts on the quality of burger prepared from chicken Meat
Name: Saqer ahmed alsaqer
More nutrients can be found in poultry than any other sort of meat. It’s cheap, simple to make, and packed with nutrients the body needs. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensory changes brought about by the addition of extracts from certain medicinal plants to poultry meat burgers. Ten samples, including a control, of poultry meat burgers will be made for analysis (pH, water activity, color, texture, and approximate analysis of moisture, fat percentage, protein, and ash). We plan to keep the samples cold (at 4 °C) for a week. Total bacterial count (TBC) and testing for potentially harmful bacteria are among the microbial analyses that will be performed (SALMONELLA). After the samples have been cooked, a panel of 25 experts from the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition will undertake a sensory review. Information gathered will also be examined. The antioxidant, antibacterial, and preservation qualities of the investigated dried herbs help the processed and stored fowl meatball type goods. At least some of these chemicals have been shown to have antioxidant effects. The microbiological quality and safety of meat products are guaranteed and the shelf life is extended when they are stored at 4 °C.
Keywords : medicinal plant extracts, the quality of burger, the quality of burger prepared from chicken
مبدأ الواوية واليائية
الاسم: د/منيرة بنت بنية الجهني
لقد مَنَّ الله علينا بإنزاله القرآن الكريم فهو هداية ورحمة للعالمين وهو كلام الله المنزّل على عبده ورسوله للبيان والإعجاز وله الفضل في توحيد اللغة العربية وتطويرها وحفظها وكان سبباً في نشأة الكثير من العلوم العربية كالنحو والصرف والبلاغة والعلوم الإسلامية كعلم التفسير والفقه. ونحن كمسلمين لا بد لنا من فهم القرآن الكريم والتديّر في آياته وعلم الصرف هو العلم الذي يمكننا من فهم وقد اجتمع العلماء في تعريفه فقالوا إنَ مداره اللغوي يدور حول رد الشيء عن وجهه. وقد ذكرت كلمة صرف في القرآن الكريم في قوله تعالى:” (وَإذَا مَا أَنزلَت سُورَةٌ نَظْرَ بَعْضُهُمْ إلى بَعْضٍ هَل يَرَاكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ ثُمَ انْصَرَفُوا صَرّف اللَهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ بأَنهُمْ قَوْمٌ لا يَفْقَهُونَ) (التوبة: 127) كلام الله والأخذ به.
وقوله تعالى: (فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُ رَبهُ فصَّرَفَ عَنْهُ كَيْدَهُنَّ إِنْهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعٌ الْعَلِيمُ) (يوسف: 34)
أمَا المعنى الاصطلاحي فقد استخدم العلماء لفظين وهما الصرف والتصريف، فالصرف هو مصدر المجرّد صرف.
والتصريف فهو مصدر المزيد صرّف وقد عرف سيبويه التصريف بأنّه” هو أن تبني من الكلمة بناء لم تبنه العرب على وزن ما بنته ثم تعمل في البناء الذي بنيته ما يقتضيه قياس كلامهم”.
وعرفه أبو حيان فقال” التصريف معرفة ذوات الكلم في أنفسنا من غير تركيب”، أمَا العلماء المتأخرين فقد استخدموا كلمة الصرف بدل التصريف
’The Relation between E-cigarettes and Anxiety among Adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Department of Family Medicine, Security Forces Hospital in Riyadh
Department of Family Medicine, Security Forces Hospital in Riyadh
Name: ABDULLAH ALGHAMDI
The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) is a device that utilizes a “e-liquid” that may contain nicotine and various flavorings including tobacco, menthol, fruit, and other possibilities. The smoker inhales an aerosol produced by the vaping device’s internal heat generator. Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) smoking or vaping is a global practice that has gained popularity despite its negative health implications. This study intended to show the relation between e-cigarettes and anxiety among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. An online cross-sectional study among 949 participants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study enrolled a total of 1005 individuals, of whom 949 (or 94.3%) completed the survey. The majority of respondents were between the ages of 18 and 24 (58.9%) and were male (55.8%). About 87.8 percent of participants held a bachelor’s degree or more, while 10.53 percent held a high school diploma and 1.5% had not completed high school. The majority of respondents who used e-cigarettes are about (79%). We also discovered that rising age and male gender are connected with an increased likelihood of ever using electronic cigarettes. In addition, our data revealed a statistically significant relationship between e-cigarette usage and anxiety levels, and a greater proportion of e-cigarette users had moderate to severe anxiety levels.
Key word: E-cigarettes, Anxiety, Saudi Arabia, Adults, Smoking, Health.